Abstract: The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposes to resolutely win the battle against poverty. At present, disease is the most prominent cause of poverty among the rural poor. Improving the level of medical security and striving to make the rural poor "affordable to the sick" are important measures to realize the basic medical security and the right to health of the rural poor. In recent years, the state has established and improved a multi-level medical security system for urban and rural residents with basic medical insurance, critical illness insurance, medical assistance, emergency medical assistance, commercial health insurance, and charitable assistance. Various localities also implement various safeguards such as supplementary insurance, hospital deductions, and government pockets.